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In recent years, white wines have become increasingly important in the world. Characterized by infinite shades of color, from straw yellow to golden or amber, they are produced using techniques refined over time. Each white wine has characteristics that make it unique, both to the nose and to the taste. For example, the Gewurztraminer has very aromatic and fragrant traits, the Friulano is very intense and full-bodied, while the Chardonnay is very soft on the palate, as well as the Passerina grape. Generally white wines are best tasted at temperatures between 8 ° C and 14 ° C and are combined mainly with fish, shellfish, sushi, white meats and vegetables.
How White Wine Is Produced: White Winemaking
For the production of white wines, black and white berried grapes are used. Some examples of white berried grapes are Trebbiano, Verdicchio or Chardonnay, while Pinot Noir as a black berried grape. The color of the outgoing wine in fact completely depends on the vinification process used. In the case of black berried grapes, only the pulp of the berries is used and the skins are not left in contact with the must. ...
Unlike red vinification, in white vinification the marcs (solid parts) are not left to macerate with the must to prevent the resulting wine from becoming too loaded with coloring substances and tannins. In fact, crushers are used that are able to gently press the grapes, preventing the solid parts from mixing with the must in the tank. Subsequently to the pressure, we proceed with the pressing (squeezing) of the marcs and then add them in variable proportions to the must.
The main stages of white winemaking are:
Diraspatura: it consists in the elimination of the stalks, that is the vital "organ" of the grapes, that is the connection of the single grape with the rest of the plant. The result of an early de-stemming is to obtain a more mordant and less astringent wine.
The pressing of the grapes instead it consists in making the grapes burst, avoiding, however, crushing the seeds contained within. Its purpose is to release the maximum quantity of juice, to put in contact the yeasts present on the peel and the must rich in sugar. Furthermore, it also has the purpose of aerating the must to ensure a correct start of fermentation, to allow a good maceration of the whole grape, of the dissolution in the whole of the coloring substances contained in the grape skin and the passage into the juice of yeasts and fermentation activators.
The plumbing has as its objective the elimination of pomace to avoid contaminating the liquid with excess tannins and color.
I'clarification is the phase in which the degree of clarity And transparency, intervening if necessary with corrective operations.
The decanting it is a process of rest of the wine in order to restore the balance of the wine.
The Filtration it is a process by which any suspended particles. It can be of three types, according to need: roughing if the particles are coarse, rinse aid if the particles are small e sterilant if you need to eliminate microorganisms.
The Alcoholic fermentation for white wines it takes place at a temperature between 18 ° C and 22 ° C and is a process that transforms the sugars present in the must into ethyl alcohol, carbon dioxide and energy (in the form of heat) through the use of yeasts. .
The Svinatura it is the phase in which the lees are separated from the grape juice.
At this point, after racking, the wine is ready for the final stages of processing, up to actual bottling.
The Best Italian White Wines
The Italian peninsula has always been the cradle of the best white wines, even worldwide. Italy is in fact recognized worldwide, together with France, as the largest producer of quality white wines.
From North to South, each grape variety tells the story of the territory on which it is grown and offers unique characteristics in terms of aromas and flavors.
The Gewurztraminer, is a vine characterized by pronounced notes of exotic and tropical fruit and is grown in the Trentino Alto-Adige Region, which is home to many other very famous typical vines, including the Muller Thurgau, the Yellow Muscat and the Pinot Bianco.
The Trebbiano it is one of the most cultivated white grape varieties in Italy. In fact, we can find large crops in various regions of Italy, including Abruzzo, Romagna, Tuscany, Umbria and Sardinia. In Abruzzo, for example, the Trebbiano d'Abruzzo it is the most characteristic vine of the territory.
In Campania the most famous wines come from the vine Fiano, widespread in the Avellino area. They flank the Falanghina and the Greco di Tufo, which shares the same grapes as Cirò Bianco from Calabria.
As for the Region Sicily, the prominent wines come from the grape varieties Cricket And Catarratto, two vines spread practically all over the island. On the slopes of the Etna Volcano, on the other hand, the vine stands out Etna White.
In Sardinia, Vermentino di Gallura is considered the symbolic vine of the Region, the wines are characterized by savory and Mediterranean aromas.
Speaking of Northern Italy, i Piedmontese white wines they stand out for their freshness and lightness like Roero Arneis and Gavi.
Also noteworthy are the wines from Friuli, which is the region that produces more white wines in Italy, including Ribolla Gialla, Collio, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon and Chardonnay.
In Romagna, Albana is the symbolic vine of the Romagna wine heritage, while in Emilia, the production of white wines is centered on Malvasia.
On Bottle of Italy you can find many excellent white wines suitable for all occasions, from table wines for every day, to more important and precious bottles for special occasions, which naturally require a greater investment, but which will certainly surprise you too. years later. Prices are always up-to-date, advantageous and always competitive with respect to the rest of the market. Don't forget to check all offers regularly!